I. Ledermann, 750 5th St., N.Y.

ledermann-1                ledermann-2

This is a hard guy to track down. Prior to 1897 there are only two sporadic references I could find to I Ledermann in the NYC Directories:

  • Isaac Ledermann, 750 5th Street, bottler, is listed in the 1891 New York City Directory. This is the only reference I could find with the 5th Street address.
  • He’s also listed in the 1883 New York City Directory at 98 Avenue C with the occupation beer.

By the late 1890’s he’s apparently no longer in the bottling business. Between 1897 and 1899 he’s listed in the trucking business at various Lower East Side addresses. Whether he was in the bottling business continuously between the early 1880’s and 1897 is anybody’s guess?

Today the 750 5th Street address does not appear to exist.

The bottle I found is a pony style soda/mineral water with an applied blob finish. It’s embossed with the 5th Street address associating it with the 1891 listing.

Henry Landgrebe, Valley Stream, L.I.


Henry Landgrebe was associated with the Landgrebe Hotel from at least the early 1890’s until his death sometime prior to 1910. The Hotel was located on Rockaway Avenue in Valley Stream.


He apparently operated it with a family member (brother?) named Adam Landgrebe. They both emmigrated from Germany in the late 1860’s and were both listed with hotel as their occupation in the 1900 census. Both Henry and Adam were listed as New York State Liquor Tax Certificate holders in 1898 with the category “hotel”.

According to Valley Stream history, in September 1894 School District 24 was organized and while the first schoolhouse was being built, Henry Landgrebe rented rooms in his hotel as classrooms.

Henry’s wife Elizabeth was listed as “head of household” in the 1910 census and Henry no longer appears. Adam remains listed with the occupation of hotel in 1910 and is listed as a New York State Liquor Tax Certificate holder through 1918, but by 1920 census no Langrebe’s are associated with the hotel business.

The Valley Stream Historical Society has two photographs of the hotel on their web site. The first taken around the turn of the century included a sign for “Ales, Wine, Liquor and Cigars”. In a subsequent 1920’s photograph, after the start of National Prohibition, that sign is replaced with one that simply says “café”. I’m guessing the Landgrebe’s probably got out of the business in and around the start of Prohibition.

The former hotel site is now a Chase Bank.

The bottle I found is a champagne style with an applied blob finish. It falls within the 1890 to 1910 range that Henry was involved with the business and probably dates to the earlier end of the period.


A. J. Lamb & Son, Rockville Centre L.I.

Alfred J. Lamb was a prominent resident of Hempstead and Rockville Centre, Long Island from 1870 to 1935 . Primarily a builder, Lamb’s story was told in his February 12, 1935 obituary published in the Brooklyn Daily Eagle.

Mr. Lamb came to this country from his birthplace in Terrington, England, at the age of 12 (in 1852). He and his father John Lamb, and his brother James engaged in the building business in Brooklyn. They helped to develop the Putnam Ave. section.

Mr. Lamb moved to Nassau County 65 years ago. He had been a resident of Rockville Centre for the past 50 years. He conducted building operations in Hempstead and Rockville Centre, contributing largely to the development of both communities.

After his retirement he became proprietor of the Long Island Express Company of Rockville Centre and also operated a livery business. In 1899 he was a village trustee and later served as keeper of the town’s poorhouse.

He was certainly engaged in the bottling business in 1892. That year, “A. J. Lamb & Son (John T),” was listed in the Rockville Centre Section of the Brooklyn City Directory with the occupational title of “soda water.” The company was not listed in the 1923 Rockville Centre Directory. I haven’t found any other directory information that would serve to further narrow down the time frame of the business.

That being said, there’s some evidence that A. J. Lamb & Son could date back to the late 1880’s. Among his other pursuits, on May 23, 1888 the (Brooklyn) Times Union announced that Alfred Lamb was opening a new ice cream saloon on June 1. Two years later, a May 1, 1890 story  in the Times Union (written around the time he sold the saloon) described the operation.

He opened the place as an ice cream and dining saloon. This enterprise was heartily sanctioned and the place was well patronized during the summer months. In the fall Mr. Lamb, at the request of many young men of the village, converted the second story into a pool and billiard parlor. He also engaged in the sale of cigars and temperance drinks and served oysters in all styles.

At the time it’s wasn’t uncommon for the proprietors of hotels or restaurants to bottle their own beverages so it’s likely that A. J. Lamb & Son’s bottling operation was in business in 1888. At the time Lamb’s son, who was born in 1872, would have only been 16 so it couldn’t have been established under that name much before then.

The Lamb family’s involvement with bottling , however, could date back to 1880 and possibly earlier. That year, in the census records, Alfred Lamb’s father, John Thompson Lamb, listed his occupation as “grocery dealer,” so it’s possible the family was bottling soda water in connection with his grocery business as early as the late 1870’s.

There’s no mention of anything related to bottling in the 1900 census records.

Alfred Lamb would live to be almost 95 years old and I couldn’t end this post without mentioning how he spent his 80th birthday. According to the April 17, 1920 edition of the Times Union:

Rockville Centre, L. I. April 17 – Alfred J. Lamb, a retired building contractor of this village, celebrated his eightieth birthday Thursday by taking up automobiling. He appeared on Village Avenue with a new sedan, operating it with all the skill of an experienced chauffeur.

The bottle I found is a pony (approximately 8 oz) with an applied blob finish. It fits a late 1800’s manufacture date.

Albert Krumenaker, 512 & 514 West 166th St., N.Y.


krumenaker      krumenaker-1      krumenaker-2


Albert Krumenaker was in business as a bottler from 1892 to the mid-1920’s.

The business was first listed in the 1892 NYC Directory as a bottler at 167th Street near Amsterdam Avenue. Sometime around 1894 he moved to W 166th Street. According to a March 18, 1902 article in the Brooklyn Daily Eagle:

Nine years ago (1893) Krumenaker built a house at 512 West One Hundred and Sixty-sixth Street…Two years later (1895), the Deputy Water Commissioner said, he built a house next door…

On a side note, the article went on to say that Krumenaker had installed an unmetered service in 514 and had under reported his water usage for several years.

The business incorporated in December 1899. The New York Times listed them under “New Corporations” in their December 21, 1899 edition.

Albert Krumenaker, Incorporated, of New York City, to bottle beer; capital $500. Directors – Albert Krumenaker, Julius Bach and Daniel Guggenheim, New York City.

The business served as a bottler for George Ehret’s Hell Gate Brewery. This is confirmed by an undated but old photograph of a Gramm Logan truck with a sign on the side that read” George Ehret’s, New York, lager beer, bottled by Albert Krumenaker, 508-514 W 166th St, Telephone 69 Audobon. The truck certainly looks like it’s from the early 1900’s.

krumenaker-car   krumenaker-sign

At some point he also became the wholesale dealer for Blatz Beer and in 1912 he ran a series of advertisements for Blatz in the “Evening World.”

According to a March 19, 1933 article in the Brooklyn Daily Eagle, the Krumenaker operation was absorbed by Liebmann’s prior to the start of National Prohibition.

Before Prohibition put a snag in the beer business Liebmann’s has absorbed many famous brands of beer and breweries. They were Peter Doelger’s, Welz & Zerweck’s, George Ehret’s, Obermeyer & Liebmann’s plaza brew, Beadelston & Woerz and the Krumenaker bottling works – and some 30 other brands. With the possible exception of Peter Doelger’s, all of them will remain absorbed, and they will reappear – are now being bottled as Liebmann’s

The business continued to be listed with the name of Krumenaker through 1925. In later years, the business included 508 to 516 West 166th Street in their address.  After 1925, as far as I can tell, the Krumenaker name vanished from the Directories.

Krumenaker passed away in August of 1927. His death notice is printed in the August 8, 1927 issue of the Brooklyn Daily Eagle.

Today, the houses Krumenaker built at 512 and 514 West 166th Street no longer exist. 508 West 166th Street is an old apartment building that according to apartable.com. was built in 1910 so it appears to have been utilized by the business in its later years (this dates the above photograph to no earlier than 1910).

I’v found two Krumenaker bottles. One is a champagne style tooled blob (12 oz) certainly from his earlier history. It has the 512 and 514 West 166th Street address embossed on it near the base so it most likely dates no earlier than 1895 when he built 514 and no later than 1910 when he added 508. The other is a machine made export style probably from the decade before the start of National Prohibition.

W. Z. Ketcham, Hempstead, L.I.


The W stands for William Z Ketcham. U.S Census records from 1880 to 1920 listed his occupation as a bottler (1880), soda business (1900) and caterer (1910 and 1920).

In the Hempstead Sentinel 1938-1940 files there is a story on Ketcham who at the time was 87 years old. It stated that he ran his business from the back of his house on Henry Street and bottled birch and root beer, ginger ale, cream, lemon, raspberry and plain soda. He also ran a catering business.

Directories and advertisements support this story. In the 1890 Lain’s Business Directory under Hempstead, William Z Ketcham was listed as a bottler with an address of 10 Henry. By 1906, advertisements for his business listed him as a caterer at 62 Henry Street. An advertisement in the May 20, 1914 issue of the Nassau Post in Freeport said he’ll provide catering for all social functions.


In 1930, census records listed him as widowed  and living with his daughter’s family on Dureyea Place in Hempstead. Apparently retired by then, he listed his occupation as “none.”

Today 62 Henry Street is an old residence with a large driveway in the back that could easily have been utilized for a catering business. The house could date to the late 1800’s or early 1900’s. Today 10 Henry doesn’t exist and the former location appears to be within the right-of-way of Peninsula Blvd. So Ketcham either moved down the block when Peninsula Blvd was constructed or the Henry Street homes were re-numbered around the turn of the century.

I’ve found a total of 4 bottles, 3 Hutchinson’s and a champagne style bottle (12 oz) with a blob finish. All most likely date to around the mid point of the business at around the turn of the century.

Hurley Bottling Co., Far Rockaway, N.Y.


I didn’t find any information on a bottling company, but Jeremiah Hurley was listed as a Far Rockaway hotel owner located at Greenwood Ave n Broadway in the various Trow Business Directories of the Borough of Queens between 1899 and 1908-1909. (I’ve found that back then, many hotels ran their own bottling operation as well.) He was not listed in the 1890 Lains Business Directory of Brooklyn that included Far Rockaway, so the business probably started between 1891 and 1898.

An article in the April 20, 1909 issue of the Brooklyn Daily Eagle stated that: “the Hotel was sold under foreclosure in November 1908 to Congressman Willett for $11,100.” Hurley still listed himself as a hotelkeeper on Greenwood Avenue in the 1910 census records and the NYS Commissioner of Excise lists him as a Liquor Tax Certificate Holder (Hotel – Greenwood Ave east of Broadway) in the years ending September 1913 and 1914. So, it appears he continued managing the business until at least 1914.

Hurley’s financial problems went as far back as 1905. On August 24th of that year a debtor’s petition and schedule was filed and the matter was referred to a referee. Eighteen creditors were listed including the North Side Brewing Co of Manhattan. At the time his assets were listed as $250 and his liabilities were $ 5,259.

The 1909 Brooklyn Daily Eagle article concerned a child custody battle between Hurley and his father for the young Hurley’s five children. The article included testimony regarding the hotel and what went on there: “they carried on every set of games in the house – dancing, singing and playing at times until the early hours of the morning.”

Records from the early 1900’s show that Greenwood Avenue was renamed Greenport Rd however there is no Greenport Rd in Far Rockaway today. Google Earth takes me to Gateway Blvd so it’s possible it was renamed again later. Gateway Blvd intersects with a one block long street called Hurley Court. I have to believe that the Hurley Hotel was somewhere in the vicinity of this intersection. The area is currently residential in nature with primarily single-family homes.

The one bottle I found is a pony with a tooled blob finish. This fits with the 1890’s to 1914 time frame. (Maybe it held some of the North Side Brewing Co.’s product?). I haven’t seen an example of this bottle on the Internet.


Hennessy & Nolan, Albany, 1879

hn-2  hn-1

The proprietors of Hennessy & Nolan were John Hennessy and Murtaugh T Nolan. John Hennessy was first listed in the 1861 Albany Directory with the company of Kinsella & Hennessy. The company was listed as “root beer” and was originally located at 106 Arch Street. By 1867 they had moved to Morton Avenue, corner of Elizabeth Street.

Hennessy & Nolan was first listed in the 1870 Albany Business Directory under vinegar, located at 92 & 93 Quay Street. The next year, in 1871, the business was listed under “soda and mineral water” and located at Morton, corner of Elizabeth. Advertisements in the 1875 and 1877 Directories listed both the Quay Street and Morton Avenue addresses.


So it appears that between 1871 and 1877 the business maintained two locations and, if I’m to believe the advertisements, they sold cider and vinegar at the Quay Street location and bottled soda and beer at the old Kinsella & Hennessy plant on the corner of Morton/Elizabeth Streets.

In the 1878 Directory, the Quay Street location was dropped from the listing and their advertisement only included one location: “Factory corner Morton, Elizabeth and Catherine Sts.”

As a result, by 1878, it looks like they had expanded at the Morton Avenue location to include the entire block of Elizabeth Street between Morton Avenue and Catherine Street and centralized the business on this block. The business remained listed at this location until 1912. In 1903, the company was listed for the first time as: Hennessy & Nolan (John Hennessy and M T Nolan estate) so it looks like Nolan passed away around this time.

In 1907, Hennessy and Nolan was one of 14 bottling companies in Albany to sign an agreement with Bottler’s Union No. 375. There were these seven points contained within the agreement:

  1. Only union men were to be employed.
  1. One could be discharged for disobedience of orders, intoxication, dishonesty, incompetency or disrespect to the employer.
  1. Nine hours constituted a day’s work hours: 7am to 5pm with an hour for dinner. This applied to inside men only. Peddlers worked on a 50 hours per week schedule. There was no Sunday work (except as necessary to maintain the business).
  1. Overtime was paid as time and a half. Holiday and Sunday work was paid double-time.
  1. Election Day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day, Christmas Day, New Years Day, Decoration Day and the 4th of July were considered holidays.
  1. An arbitration committee was established to resolve disputes.
  1. Wages were established as follows: Peddlers $15, Wagon Helpers $10, Beer Bottlers $14, Mineral Water Bottlers $16 and Assistant Bottlers $12.

Today, the buildings on the block between Morton and Catherine are all quite old and some could very well date back to the 1870’s. The east side especially has several two and three story buildings and a small one-story garage/warehouse building.

The bottle I found is a small pony with an applied blob finish. Most likely a soda bottle, it has the year 1879 embossed on it. This puts it at the Morton/Elizabeth/Catherine location right after the business centralized there. How it got to the south shore of Long Island is anybody’s guess.

Wm. V. Geis, Far Rockaway, N.Y.



The March 3, 1899 issue of the Brooklyn Daily Eagle announced the formation of a new corporation called Kirkman, Rae & Geis. William V. Geis was named as one of the three principals.

Walter B. Kirkman, Albert F. Rae of Far Rockaway, and William V. Geis of 218 East One Hundred and Twenty Fourth Street, Manhattan, have associated together under the incorporated name of Kirkman, Rae & Geis for the manufacture of mineral waters and other similar beverages. The capital stock is $7,500 and its principal place of business will be at far Rockaway.

The 1899 Trow Business Directory of the Borough of Queens listed the business of Kirkman, Rae & Geis in Far Rockaway at William n Crescent, Far Rockaway, under both ‘bottlers” and “manufacturers of mineral water” headings. Subsequently, the 1903, 1907, 1908-1909 and 1912 Trow Business Directories of the Borough of Queens all listed Wm V. Geis at the same location. Based on these records, I’m guessing Geis bought out Kirkman and Rae and became a sole proprietor sometime between 1899 and 1901.

In addition to mineral water, Geis also bottled beer, apparently acting as an agent and bottler for Pabst. He placed an advertisement in the “Wave of Long Island”, a weekly newspaper for delivery of two-dozen bottles of Pabst for $1.25. The advertisements were found in the Sept 7, 1901 and July 5, 1902 issues.


In 1909, Geis joined with Sidney Jackier forming the Geis-Jackier Company. An item in the November 27, 1909 issue of the Brooklyn Daily Eagle reported:

Articles of incorporation of the Geis-Jackier Company of the Borough of Queens have been filed with the State Department. The capital is $10,000. The directors are Sidney Jackier, William V. Geis, Hattie Jackier and Elsie C. Geis of Far Rockaway.

Sidney Jackier had signed a five year lease to operate the Haffner Neptune Park Hotel in August of 1909, two months prior to incorporating Geis-Jackier. I suspect that the business served as the bottling and catering operation for the hotel.

Geis-Jackier was named as a Far Rockaway bottler in a listing of Long Island Industrial Establishments contained in the September 8, 1910 issue of The Brooklyn Daily Eagle and they were listed in the Brooklyn and Queens section of the NY Telephone Book in 1910, 1914 and 1915 (the only editions I could find).

It’s possible that both Wm V. Geis and Geis-Jackier operated out of the same location. Geis-Jackier’s listed address was Crescent Opposite William while Wm V. Geis listed their address as William near Crescent.

Geis-Jackier only stayed in business until 1913 or 1914. According to a story in the October 23, 1915 issue of the Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Jackier gave up the lease for the hotel after four years and had been declared bankrupt. Coincidently, the last listing I can find for Wm V. Geis is in the 1912 Trow Business Directory.

By the late teens Geis had become the proprietor of the Hewlett Inn on Long Island.

He was no longer listed in the Queens telephone books by 1914 so I’m guessing that he moved to Long Island and became associated with the Inn around the time that the Geis-Jackier business came to an end. I haven’t seen a Geis bottle with “Hewlett” embossing so I have to think he was out of the bottling business by this time.

He remained with the Hewlett Inn until his tragic accidental death in 1921. According to a story in the October 15, 1921 issue of the N.Y. Times he died in an accidental shooting.

While preparing to start on a hunting trip in the Adirondacks early yesterday morning, William V. Geis, proprietor of the Hewlett Inn at Hewlett, L.I., was accidentally shot by Paul Weidman of Woodmere, L.I., one of three friends who were to have accompanied him. Geis was rushed to St. Joseph’s Hospital at Far Rockaway, where he died several hours later. When dying he made a statement to Justice of the Peace Raisig exonerating Weldman from all blame.

Weidman, dazed from what had just occurred, ran from the house after the shooting, muttering that if his friend died he would end his own life. Up until late last night Weidman, who is a prosperous bus owner, had not returned home and his family were apprehensive. Mrs. Elsie Geis, widow of the dead man, also exonerated Weidman.

Sheriff Charles Smith, after an investigation, said he was entirely satisfied that the gun had been accidentally discharged by Weidman during an exhibition as to how he would handle a hold-up man if the occasion arose.

Whatever became of Paul Weidman is unknown.

Both Crescent and William in Far Rockaway have changed names over the years. Crescent is now Brunswick and William is now Wheatley. Wheatley near Brunswick puts the business about a block from the LIRR Far Rockaway station.

I’ve found varying type bottles, including tooled blob tops (8oz), tooled crowns (8, 12 and 28 oz) and machine made crowns (8 and 28 oz). The 12 oz bottles were brown…maybe containing the Pabst Blue Ribbon mentioned in the advertisement? All others are aqua. The pictures show an assortment of mouth blown bottles. All are embossed Far Rockaway.

Forman Bottling Co., Yonkers, N.Y.

forman forman-2 forman-1

The Forman Bottling Co was not listed in the 1892 Yonkers Directory nor were they listed in the Directories from 1902 to 1917. The Directories from 1893 to 1901 could not be found so it’s probable that the business falls within this period.

The only reference I could find is a lawsuit that began in 1903 between Forman Bottling Co and Wittemann Brothers. The suit involved ginger ale labels produced by both companies that so closely resembled each other as to be likely to deceive the public. I can’t even confirm that it’s the same Forman Bottling Co.

The bottle I found is a champagne style (12 oz) with a tooled blob finish so it fits the late 1800’s time frame.

Joseph Fallert Brewing Co., Ltd., Brooklyn, N.Y.

Joseph Fallert, the founder of the Joseph Fallert Brewing Company, was a German immigrant who in the 1870 census records listed himself as the “foreman” in a “brewery.” According to an undated biographical sketch of Fallert found on brookstonbeerbulletin.com, the brewery likely belonged to Otto Huber and was one of several breweries that Fallert worked at prior to opening his own brewery.

By 1880 Joseph Fallert was listed individually in the Brooklyn directories as a brewer located at his long time plant location of 66 (52-66) Meserole Street. This is in general agreement with later Fallert advertisements that indicate that the business was established in 1878.

Fallert was listed this way through 1887 at which time the business was incorporated in New York State. The incorporation notice was printed in the March 16, 1887 edition of the (Brooklyn) Times Union.

The 1889 Directory reflected the name change to the “Joseph Fallert Brewing Co., Ltd. At this point the business listed both an office address of 86 Lorimer Street and plant address of 60 Meserole Street. In the 1904 Directory, the office location moved to 346 Lorimer Street.

In July, 1893 Joseph Fallert passed away and his son, also named Joseph, took over management of the business. Fallert, Jr.’s obituary, in the March 24, 1919 issue of the Brooklyn Daily Eagle stated:

Mr. Fallert was born in Brooklyn and educated in the Brooklyn public schools. He went abroad as a young man and studied the brewing business, and following the death of his father, Joseph Fallert, many years ago, succeeded him as president of the Fallert Brewery, to which he devoted all his business lifetime. He was a practical brewer himself and personally supervised all the workings of the establishment.

The 1913 – 1914 Copartnership and Corporation Directory of Brooklyn and Queens listed Joseph Fallert Jr. as president and his brothers Bertold  and Charles as vice president/secretary and treasurer respectively.

A publication called “One Hundred Years of Brewing,” published in 1901 by H. S. Rich & Co, included an item on the Fallert business stating that the brewery introduced artificial refrigeration in 1886 and established their bottling works in 1892.

This rendering of the Fallert plant appeared  in a publication called “Bushwick and Her Neighbors, Vol 2,” published in 1909.

Fallert marketed several brews under what they called their “Arrow Brand,” as evidenced by their 1897 calendar.

The Joseph Fallert Brewing Co., Brooklyn N. Y. hereby announces that they have adopted and registered labels on their arrow-brand “Alt-Bayerisch,” “Standard” and “Superb” Beer.

This advertisement that appeared in the January 30, 1897 edition of the New York Tribune appears introductory in nature, suggesting that they began bottling the brand sometime in 1896.

A series of advertisements in December 1896/January 1897 editions of the ‘Brooklyn Eagle” described Alt-Bayerisch as:

A dark beer especially brewed and bottled for family use where a strengthening and healthy beverage is necessary. It’s a food.


Later, from 1908 through the mid-teens, advertisements for their bock beer also ran in the local newspapers.

Joseph Fallert Jr. passed away in March, 1919 leaving management of the business to his brothers, Berthold and Charles.

It’s not clear if the business continued to operate during and after National Prohibition. The business was listed in the 1922 Copartnership and Corporation Directory of Brooklyn and Queens and continued to be listed as the Joseph Fallert Brewing Company at the 346 Lorimer Street office location through the late 1930’s. After Prohibition, in the classifieds (today’s yellow pages) for 1935 and 1936 they were listed under beverages even though classifications such as beer, beer gardens, brewers or bottlers were available to them. In the 1940’s they were still listed in the general phone books at the same address but dropped the word “Brewing” from the company name. By 1950 I don’t see them listed at all.

It’s worth noting that I haven’t been able to find any Fallert advertisements during or after Prohibition so it appears they may have been operating in name only. Prior to Prohibition they advertised quite a bit.

It appears that several buildings associated with the brewery are still standing including the offices at 346 Lorimer Street.

I found two champagne style 12 oz Joseph Fallert Brewing Co. Ltd bottles each with the trademark Arrow embossed on it. One is a tooled blob, the other a tooled crown. Both were manufactured no earlier than 1896, recognizing that that’s when Fallert began bottling the brand.  The blob probably dates to the late 1800’s – early 1900’s and the crown early 1900’s.