Plant & Ahrens, Inc., 212 Evergreen Ave, Brooklyn NY

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The 1922 Copartnership and Corporation Directory for Brooklyn and Queens listed the Business of Plant & Ahrens, Inc., 212 Evergreen Avenue, as mineral waters, Capital $30,000. The directors were listed as Humphrey L and Edward J Plant and O. Fred Ahrens.

The business of Plant & Ahrens, 212 Evergreen Avenue, mineral waters, was listed in the Brooklyn Telephone Directories from 1920 to 1928. They were not listed in the 1917 Directory so the business probably started in 1918 or 1919. In 1929 H. L. Plant was listed individually at 212 Evergreen Avenue as mineral waters, but the company was no longer listed. By 1930, neither Plant or the business were listed.

Humphrey L. and Edward J. Plant and O. Fred Ahrens appear to be the sons of two long time Brooklyn mineral water businessmen.

  • O. Fred’s father, Henry Ahrens was listed in the 1899 and 1907 Trow Business Directory under soda water and later in a 1917 issue of the American Bottler, all at the 212 Evergreen Avenue address.
  • Edward J Plant’s obituary states that he was the son of Humphrey Plant who was engaged in the soda water business in Brooklyn for many years with the firm of Plant Bros. and that Edward J. was associated with the beverage firm with his brother, Humphrey L Plant. The father, Humphrey Plant was an initial director of the Long Island Bottlers Union established in 1895 and in 1904 was named president. Plant Bros. was listed in the 1890 Lains Business Directory under mineral water and Humphrey Plant was listed in the 1899 Trow Business Directory under mineral water, both at 101 Pearl Street. The 1907 Trow Business Directory listed him at 146 Pearl Street. (On a side note, the 101 Pearl Street address was acquired by NYC in and around 1905 as part of the Manhattan Bridge construction, requiring the move to 146 Pearl)

Today, 212 Evergreen Avenue is a renovated two-story brick building with a garage door entrance. Streeteasy.com indicates it was built in 1931, a year after Plant & Ahrens vanishes from the directories.

The bottle I found is machine made (27oz) and fits with a 1920’s manufacture.

Pflug & Ackley, Hempstead L.I.

 

   

Plug & Ackley was mentioned in a story entitled “Old Timers Carry On at Hempstead,” printed in the June 26, 1940 edition of a newspaper called the Nassau Daily Review Star.

The late Henry E. Ackley and Daniel Plug established Plug and Ackley’s Beverage Company in 1880. Their sons took over the business at a later date and now the business is being operated by the third generation.

In the 1890 Lain’s Business Directory under Hempstead, Pflug & Ackley was listed as a bottler at 33 Greenwich. The “Annual Report of the Factory Inspectors of the State of New York in both 1899 and 1900 indicated the business had 6 employees during that time, all male. Through at least the early 1930’s the plant remained at the 33 Greenwich address.

A Pflug and Ackley advertisement carried in several issues of the Nassau Post between May and July of 1914 contained a photograph of their “Bottling Department and Sales Rooms in Hempstead L.I.”

The advertisement went on to list a wide range of beverages that were bottled by the company at the time. It included rye, bourbon and scotch whiskeys, gin, bitters, brandies, ales and porters and mineral waters and vichy water.

An article under the Headline “Makes Good Beverages” in the December 17, 1925 edition of the Hempstead Sentinel provided a snapshot of the business at that time.

One of the oldest established firms in Hempstead is the Pflug and Ackley bottling works at the corner of Greenwich and Prospect Streets. The name has been synonymous with good beverages extending over nearly three generations. At the present time the business is managed by William H Ackley, who has a reputation for progressiveness.

Mr. Ackley keeps pace with all the newest methods, particularly those for the manufacture of the purest of products under the best sanitary conditions. He has recently installed machinery that has done away with much of the labor of human hands.

Mr. Ackley reports that although he is daily securing a large quantity of cider for the holidays there is such a demand for it that his delivery trucks are kept busy filling the orders of customers.

There was a P&A advertisement in the same December 17,1925 issue of the Hempstead Sentinel for Russet Apple Cider.

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A series of advertisements within several issues of the “Brooklyn Daily Eagle” between June and August of 1920 named them as the local Nassau County bottler for Ward’s “Orange (and Lemon) Crush.

There were also P&A advertisements for Orange Crush in at least two May, 1923 issues of the “Hempstead Sentinel”.

By 1938, the company had apparently changed its name to the Ackley Beverage Company. I’ve found shards of a bottle embossed Ackley Beverage Co, Hempstead NY on the base that includes a 1938 embossed date. The embossing is very similar to the Pflug & Ackley embossing.

33 Greenwich Street does not exist today nor can I find Prospect Street in Hempstead. The address would have been located near the intersection of Greenwich and Peninsula Blvd and was most likely acquired when Peninsula Boulevard was widened to its present configuration.

This business spanned the conversion from mouth blown to machine made bottles and I’ve found both types. Mouth blown ones include two blob tops,  a champagne style beer (12 oz) and a large 27 oz, and several 8 oz tooled crowns, one embossed with the year 1917, another with 1918 and still another with 1919. Machine made finds include a 27 oz bottle embossed with the year 1926 and a 6 oz Orange Crush.

The Orange Crush bottle has the P&A monogram embossed on the base. I’ve also found a small 6 oz machine made bottle embossed “Ackley Beverages Hempstead NY” that probably dates to the 1930’s.

 

PABST

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The Pabst Brewing Co dates it’s origins to a brewing company founded in 1844 by Jacob Best. A brief history of the Best Brewing Company includes:

  • The original brewery called the Empire Brewery and later, Best and Company was located on Chestnut Hill Street in Milwaukee Wisconsin.
  • Jacob Best’s son Phillip took control of the brewery in 1860.
  • In 1863 Frederick Pabst, a steamship captain and son-in-law of Phillip Best bought a share of the Phillip Best Brewing Co.
  • In the 1870’s Frederick Pabst becomes president.
  • In 1874 the Phillip Best Brewing Co was the nation’s largest brewer.
  • In 1875 they began bottling a lager beer they branded “Best Select” that they had been brewing since the 1860’s.

In March, 1889 the name of the company was changed to the Pabst Brewing Company. The following notice, announcing the change, appeared in several March and April issues of the “Weekly Wisconsin” a Milwaukee newspaper.

Not long after, by 1890, the first references to their signature beer, Pabst Blue Ribbon began to appear.

It was only a year or so later that Pabst established themselves in New York City. Locally, the first listing I could find for the Pabst Brewing Company was in the 1891-92 NYC City Directory at 374 Washington. The first New York City advertisement I could find was in the April 25, 1892 edition of the New York World. The advertisement showed Pabst beating Anheuser-Busch in comparative sales in 1891, calling themselves the “most popular beer ever placed before the public.” You have to appreciate their selective use of font size to help make their point!

One of the first national brands, Pabst apparently tried pretty hard to sell themselves in New York City as “local.” In several May and June 1897 issues of the Brooklyn Daily Eagle, they published several different full-page advertisements that stressed, among other things, that they bottled their beer in New York City and were in fact a “local institution.”

WE ARE A LOCAL INSTITUTION

We have our own branch establishment here and WE ARE THE ONLY WESTERN BREWERY WHO BOTTLES BEER FOR THE NEW YORK MARKET UNDER THEIR OWN ROOF AND INTELLIGENT SUPERVISION. We have 117 employees in New York. We purchase large amounts of supplies from New York. We spend with New York business houses, publishers and for rent for our various establishments enormous sums, indeed sums far in excess of the volume of local business. We are therefore a local institution in every sense of the word, a home institution to the Metropolitan district. This feature should be remembered.

The following year, in 1898, they changed their listed address to 606 W 49th St (Between 11th and 12th Avenue) where they remained through at least 1919. The NY manager in these early years was named Eugene Schlep who was listed as a company director in the NYC Copartnership and Corporation Directories from 1900 to 1919.

A January 26, 1911 advertisement in the Brooklyn Daily Eagle stressed the value of Pabst Blue Ribbon as a food and also demonstrated that PABST had started using bottles with crown finishes by this time.

With the advent of Prohibition, the Pabst Brewing Company was dissolved and the newly formed Pabst Corporation went off in other directions. A December 8, 1920 article in the New York Times told the story.

The Pabst Brewing Company which, until the advent of prohibition, was one of the world’s greatest breweries, passed out of existence today when the Pabst Corporation, with a capital of $5,000,000 was formed, dissolving the old company.

H.J. Stark, President of the brewing company, announced that the concern was a thing of the past and that the corporation would “manufacture, sell and generally deal in goods, wares, etc…

The Pabst Brewery is still operating on a small scale selling and manufacturing near beer. Milwaukee does not take kindly to near beer and business in this commodity is negligible.

One area that Pabst moved into was cheese production selling more than 8 million pounds of “Pabst-eff” cheese.

When prohibition ended the company went back to selling beer and the cheese line was sold to Kraft. A March, 1934 advertisement for Pabst Blue Ribbon Bock Beer visually signaled the end of Prohibition and the return of their beer with the image of a jumping ram and the phrase “a single leap through 15 years”.

The very bottom of the advertisemnt refers to local distributers so it appears they were no longer bottling their own beer locally. The post Prohibition Telephone Directories confirm this. PABST is not listed in the 1935 Classifieds under beer or brewers. In 1940 they’re listed under brewers but as the PABST SALES COMPANY. They were located on Hudson Street.

Today PABST is a holding company contracting for the brewing of over two dozen brands from defunct companies. Some of the brands I recognize include Ballantine, Heileman, Lone Star, Piel Bros, Olympia, Falstaff, Schaefer, Schlitz, Schmidts and Strohs.

W 49th St between 11th and 12th Avenues is now primarily occupied by a modern warehouse type building housing a Federal Express Shipping Center.

I have found two different type bottles, both machine made. One is a brown champagne style, the other a green export style. They are most likely in the 1910 to 1920 time frame.

 

 

New York Bottling Co., Inc., New York

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The New York Bottling Co., Inc was established in 1914. According to the January 15, 1915 Issue of the American Bottler:

A consolidation of the following prominent New York City bottling concerns took place on April 1: A. Ludorff, S.A. Ludin & Co., (New York Bottling Co), W.E. Seitz & Co., John F. Hughs, Henry Kracke (Globe Mineral Water Co) and the A. Liebler Bottling Co. The new company is called the NY Bottling Co., Albert Ludorff is president and J. E. Ludin is Tres.

The NYC Copartnership and Corporation Directories for 1915 and 1919 listed the consolidated company as the New York Bottling Co, Inc. (NY), Albert Ludorff Pres, John E Ludin Tres and R E Schoder Sec. Capital $750,000. 532 W 20th, 417 E 90th, 402 w 126th. Note that the 126th St address is the former address of the A Liebler Bottling Co.

In the 1922 NYC Directory, the company address was given as 502 – 514 W. 45th St and they remained there until moving to 118 N 11th St in Brooklyn sometime in the early 1930’s.

The New York Bottling Company name dates back to the late 1870’s or early 1880’s. It was located at 160 S 5th Avenue up until 1896 when they moved to 622 West 55th Street. Around 1900 it appears that they were acquired by S.A. Ludin & Co. one of the firms included in the 1914 consolidation. From 1900 to 1914 the NY Bottling Co was listed as a registered trade name of S A Ludin & Co. at the following addresses: 620 W 55th St (1900 to 1901) and 514 W 36th St (1902 – 1914).

Early Directories list the other members of the consolidation at the following addresses:

  • Ludorff & Macke – 517 W 57th St – (1897 Business Directory)
  • W E Seitz & Co – 310 E 82nd St – (1897 Business Directory)
  • A Liebler Bottling Co – 403 W 126th St – (1897 Business Directory)
  • Globe Mineral Water – 144 Lincoln Ave – (1909 Copartnership and Corporation Directory)

The bottle I found is machine made (9oz) with the “Inc” added to the Company name. This dates it no earlier than the 1914 consolidation.

Mutual Bottling Co., 127-129 Boerum Place, Brooklyn NY, Diamond Sparkle Beverages

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It appears that The Mutual Bottling Co and the business of Buttling and O’Connell were tied together, if not one and the same. Both were located at the same address, 127 to 131 Boerum Place. My impression is that Buttling & O’Connell manufactured mineral water and the Mutual Bottling Co. bottled it.

The first listing I can find for Buttling and O’Connell, 129 Boerum Pl, was as a Mineral Water manufacturer in the 1899 Trow Business Directory for Brooklyn and they were also listed under mineral water in the Annual Report for the Factory Inspections of New York State 1899 and 1900 with 10 male employees. Prior to that, James O’Connel was listed individually at the Boerum Place address going back to the 1880’s. Avery Buttling was first listed individually at that location in 1899.

I can’t find the Mutual Bottling Co listed in the Brooklyn Directories until 1903 but I did find a business card from August of 1897 in the Brooklyn Daily Eagle that contained both business names.

Based on this I’d say 1897 was probably close to the start of the business. The Copartnership and Corporation Directory of the Boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens 1913-1914 named Avery Buttling and James O’Connel as principals in Buttling & O’Connell and just James O’Connell as a principal of the Mutual Bottling Co. Both were still located at 127 Boerum Place.

Advertisements in the October 6, 1912 and October 9,1915 issues of the Brooklyn Eagle listed Buttling and O’Connell and Mutual Bottling Co together as manufacturers and bottlers of mineral water and carbonated beverages. The 1915 ad stated “Specialties: Sparkling and Pure Diamond Spring Water, Extra Ginger Ale, Extra Lemon Soda, Extra Sarsaporilla, Extra Club Soda.

Mutual Bottling Co was also one of many Brooklyn and Long Island Bottlers of Beverages that “patriotically contributed” advertising space in the June 27, 1918 edition of the “Brooklyn Daily Eagle” that contained a plea from Uncle Sam to Brooklynites to sign a pledge card to purchase war savings stamps to fund the war effort. O’Connell was listed as President of the Mutual Bottling Co.in the advertisement.

The Mutual Bottling Co. incorporated in 1921. The May 1921 issue of “The Beverage Journal” reported:

The Mutual Bottling Co has incorporated with a capital of $16,000 to make non-alcoholic beverages. The incorporators were Louis Ruskin 307 Smith St, SS Levy 134 Bergen St and Sam Ash 115 Court St Brooklyn.

James O’Connell appears to be out of Mutual at this point and the 1922 Copartnership and Corporation Directory of Brooklyn and Queens showed the business of Buttling & O’Connel as dissolved.

The Mutual Bottling Company remained listed in the Brooklyn Directories up until about 1930.

Today, the east side of Boerum Place between Dean and Bergen Streets consists of modern day apartments buildings.

The machine made (27 oz) bottle I found is embossed “Diamond Sparkle Beverages.” It’s probably from the late teens and most likely contained the sparkling diamond spring water mentioned in the 1915 ad above.

Minck Bro’s & Co., 45 to 53 Beaver St., Brooklyn E.D.

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According to “The History of Long Island From its Earliest Settlement to Present Time, Vol. III” published in 1902, Henry Minck established the bottling business and was later joined by his brothers Julius, Adolph and Theodore, and a man named George Doscher. Much of this is confirmed in the Brooklyn City Directories.

  • Henry Minck was first listed in the 1871 Brooklyn City Directory as soda water with a home address of Yates Place.
  • 1875 – Henry’s address moved to Beaver Street, corner of Park Street, the long time location of Minck Brothers and Company.
  • 1879 – Julius was listed for the first time as soda water at the Beaver Street address. Adolph Minck was also listed in 1879. Theodore and Peter were also listed at various times in later years.
  • 1886 – Minck Brothers & Co was listed for the first time (with the Beaver Street address). Henry, Julius and Theodore were all listed at the Beaver Street address as well.

According to his obituary in the April 24,1925 issue of the Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Henry retired from active business in 1887.  Theodore passed away in 1894, so by the late 1890’s this left Julius and Adolph Minck and  George Doscher running the business.

Minck Brothers & Co was listed under Soda & Mineral Water in the 1890 Lains Business Directory of Brooklyn. They were also listed as bottlers of Lager Beer, Porter, Ale and Sparkling Cider in the 1899, 1903 and 1907 Trow Business Directory of the Borough of Brooklyn.

The History of Long Island goes on to describe the business in 1902.

In his business ventures Julius Minck has been very successful. He now employs forty-five men in his bottling establishment and uses twenty-five wagons and forty-one horses in the delivery department. The present large building in which the enterprise is conducted was erected in 1898 for the business had outgrown the capacity of the former structure.

In a 1907 advertisement in the Brooklyn Eagle, they called themselves manufacturers of all kinds of mineral waters, and bottlers of lager beer, ales and porter. Celery and Nerve  tonics were mentioned in the advertisement as a specialty.

Another 1907 advertisement, this one for the opening of the Brooklyn Theatre Café mentioned that it featured Minck Brothers mineral waters.

The business incorporated in New York State on June 8, 1911. The Copartnership and Corporation Directory of the Boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens 1913 – 1914 listed Julius Minck as President, Adolph Minck as Vice President, Henry Minck as Treasurer and Charles Doscher as Secretary. By this time the Henry listed is one of Julius’s sons.

The company was located at 45 to 53 Beaver Street and they also owned the building around the corner at 38 to 40 Park Street. A 1918 map of this corner shows a courtyard separating the Beaver Street and Park Street buildings. The courtyard gave the business an area for shipping and loading wagons and later trucks.

According to “The Brown-stoner” who did a write-up on the Park Street building, it was built in 1883 and still exists today. The Beaver Street buildings are most likely the ones referred to in the History of Long Island as being built in 1898. It appears that they still exist today as well.

The company remained listed at Beaver Street up to 1940 but by 1942 they’ve moved to Bainbridge Street. During this time they were listed as”Minck Better Beverages.” By the mid-1960’s I can’t find any listings for them. The corporation was dissolved on July 20, 1983.

I found a tooled blob top (8oz) that looks like a Hutchinson but with a slightly longer neck. It’s embossed “Minck Brothers and Co” so it’s probably no earlier than 1886.  I also found a machine made crown, probably from the 1910’s or 1920’s.

Another bottle I found is embossed Minck’s Better Beverages.” It was most likely manufactured in the 1940’s and from the Bainbridge Street location. It was also embossed “Brown Boy,” probably the name of a soda line.

Lynbrook Bottling Co., Lynbrook, NY

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The business, located at 336 Merrick Road in Lynbrook, was run by Abraham I Bate, an immigrant from Poland. According to the Lynbrook Historical Society, it operated from 1922 to 1930 selling carbonated soda in towns along the south shore of Long Island.

Based on limited records, it looks like the time frame is correct. The business was listed in the 1923 Lynbrook classified directory and Abraham Bate (Lynbrook Bottling Co) was listed in the 1928 directory (the only two directories I could find). In addition, Bate listed himself as a salesman for a bottling company in the 1930 census records.

The business was located just west of the Five Corners, between Merrick Road and Langdon Place. Today the area serves as a bank parking lot.

There’s a great story about the company’s demise on the Lynbrook Historical Society’s web page. Abraham’s son, Jack Bate who was 8 years old at the time, told the story.

Back in the 1920’s all bottling companies used deposit-return bottles. Naturally, a big part of the bottling company’s operation involved washing out the returned bottles for their reuse. This meant water, lots of water. Up until 1928 the soapy water simply ran off the property to the south and west, ending in Doxey Creek. But in 1928 or 1929, one of Long Island’s first municipal parking lots was constructed, unfortunately just south and west of the bottling company. Since the soapy water could no longer run naturally off the property and because Lynbrook had no sewers, Jack’s father took the advice of a local contractor and at great expense built perhaps the largest cesspool Lynbrook has ever seen. Sadly it wasn’t big enough, the area continued to flood and the Lynbrook Bottling Company went out of business.

The bankrupt company’s entire stock of bottles, all bearing the embossed Lynbrook Bottling Company name, was sold to the New Haven Bottling Company in Connecticut who then re-named itself “the Lynbrook Bottling Company of New Haven”. It operated under that name until the 1970’s.

I’ve found 2 different variants of the 8 oz size (custom mold and a 1920’s designer soda) and 2 different variants of the 27 oz size (slug plate and a custom mold similar to the 8 oz). The slug plate version includes the Merrick Road address. All are machine made which agrees with the dates the business operated.

Obermeyer and Liebmann Bot’g Dept, New York City

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According to Times Newsweekly.com, Samuel Liebmann established the S L Liebmann brewery in 1855. Upon his retirement in 1870, he turned the brewery over his sons. Around the same time he established a 2nd brewery for his two sons-in-law. The brewery, called Obermeyer and Liebmann started shipping beer in 1868 and operated independently of S L Liebman’s Sons until 1924 when it was merged into that company. The name of the combined company was called Liebman Breweries, Inc.

This information is generally confirmed in the Brooklyn City Directories. The first listing I can find for Obermeyer & Liebmann was in the 1871 Brooklyn City Directory (They are not listed in 1869 and I don’t have access to 1870). Subsequently they were listed in many business directories between 1871 and 1922 almost always using Bremen Street as a location. The Copartnership and Corporation Directory of the Boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens 1913-1914 named Theodore Obermeyer Pres, Henry Liebmann VP and Joseph Obermeyer Treas. The 1922 edition  of the same directory listed the same officers but lists the address as 50 Stanwix. It should be noted that Bremen Street was renamed Stanwix Street so I assume that the actual location remained the same. By 1924, Liebman Breweries was the name listed in the NY Telephone Directory.

Obermeyer & Liebman incorporated in 1889. The NY Times reported on January 16, 1889:

The firm of Obermeyer and Liebmann was incorporated today with a capital of $300,000 to operate in New York and Brooklyn in the manufacture of malt and malt liquors. The trustees are Joseph Liebmann, Theodore Obermeyer and Henry Liebmann.

A legal notice dated February 8,1893 and found in the March 3, 1893 issue of the Brooklyn Daily Eagle stated:

Obermeyer and Liebmann do hereby certify that they are engaged in the manufacture of malt liquor for sale in butts, hogsheads, barrels, half barrels, casks, quarter casks, or kegs with their name or other private marks respectively branded or stamped thereon. That the following is a description of the name used and other private marks or marks branded and stamped or to be branded and stampedthereon, to wit:

OBERMEYER & LIEBMANN, BKLYN NY

That the county in which such malt liquor is manufactured is the County of Kings – Dated February 8, 1893.

While this appears to be their bottle registration notice, it doesn’t match the embossing on the bottles I’ve found. Among other things, the bottles I’ve found are embossed “New York City”, not “Brooklyn”. It’s possible that their registration was revised after Brooklyn became part of NYC in 1899.

I haven’t found many advertisements for their brands, but one I did find from 1893 lists their company name and “Bock Beer”.

A June 21, 1921 article in the “Beverage Journal” provided a review of brewery activities (during prohibition) and stated that Obermeyer and Liebmann were making cereal beverages. Apparently hit hard by National Prohibition, they auctioned off many if not all of their store front properties in 1923. I found a notice for one such auction in the May 8, 1923 issue of the Brooklyn Daily Eagle.

More information on Liebmann Breweries, Inc., post 1924, is included in the post on this site entitled “S L Liebmann Sons.”

Bremen (now named Stanwix St) intersected with Forrest Street. Located at 67 Bremen St, the brewery was literally next door to S Liebmann’s Sons.

I’ve found quite a few Obermeyer and Liebmann bottles over the years, most embossed with a sunshine face? They are champagne style bottles and include tooled blobs from the late 1800’s to early 1900’s, tooled crowns from the 1900’s to 1910’s (including one embossed with a triangle shape) and machine made crowns that date closer to 1920. I’ve also found a machine made blob top (only one of two I’ve ever seen from this era).

S Liebmann’s Sons Brewing Co., NY

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In 1854 Samuel Liebmann arrived in the US from Germany and according to company advertisements established a brewing business the following year.

For the next 100+ years his family continued to operate in Brooklyn. Over the years the business was listed in the Brooklyn Directories under the following names:

  • 1858 to 1868 – Samuel, and later his sons, were listed individually as brewers
  • 1869 to 1871 – S. Liebmann & Sons
  • 1875 to 1887 – S Liebmann’s Sons
  • 1889 to 1922 – S Liebmann’s Sons Brewing Co
  • 1924 and later – Liebmann Breweries

According to Times Newsweekly.com, In 1855 Samuel Liebmann began with a small rented brewery on Meserole Street producing approximately 2000 barrels. At the same time he bagan construction of a new brewery in Bushwick on Bremen Street between Noll, Forest and Montieth Streets that he operated until his retirement in 1870. At this point he turned the business over to his three sons, Joseph, Henry and Charles. Over the next 35 years they grew the business, acquiring the P Schoenwald Brewery in 1878, the Ridgewood Park Brewery in 1891 and the Claus Lipsius Brewery in 1902. Over this span their annual output grew from 39,000 barrels in 1877 to 200,000 barrels in 1902. In 1905 all three sons retired together and turned the business over to their sons; Adolph, David, Charles, Julius, Samuel and Alfred.

The Corporation and Copartnership Directory of the Boroughs of Brooklyn and Queens 1913-1914 listed David as President, Julius, Adolph and Samuel as VP’s and Charles as Secretary and the address as 36 Forest. This is typically the address the business listed for the brewery complex in the various directories.

The pre-Prohibition growth of the business over this period is demonstrated by an advertisement printed in the May 19, 1912 issue of the Brooklyn Daily Eagle. It contained a map depicting the size of the brewery in 1912 and stated:

This drawing shows the great space now occupied by the S. Liebmann’s Sons Brewery, Brooklyn. 58 years ago it occupied but one small building.

Another advertisement, this one in February of 1909, actually showed a picture of their plant at the time.

Around this time, S. Liebmann’s Sons claimed they had the largest bottling establishment in the East and they were continuing to expand. A February 20, 1909 story in the Brooklyn Daily Eagle documented the Bottling Department’s growth.

The S. Liebmann’s Sons Brewing Company are again building an addition to their already huge plant in the Eastern District. The buildings already occupy four city blocks. The demand for their product is growing to such an extent that this year they have been required to enlarge the Bottling Department. The building is now in the course of construction.

The Liebmann bottling Establishment has for many years been the largest in the East, rivaling the big concerns of the West. The growth of the plant is commensurate with the growing demand for their popular Rheingold beer.

When the the company introduced their famous brand name, Rheingold, is not clear to me. A story in the June 27, 1893 issue of the Brooklyn Daily Eagle talked about Liebmann’s exhibit at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, mentioning Rheingold specifically, so it dates back at least that far.

The Liebmanns have acquired, during long years of experience, a thorough knowledge of the tastes of the beer drinking public and have developed from this knowledge the two brands so widely associated with their name, their Wuerzburger dark beer and the Rheingold, their pale table lager.

The article goes on to say that:

The Liebmann lager was awarded a premium at the Centennial, in Philadelphia, in 1876. The report of the reward was as follows:

The undersigned, having examined the product herein described, respectfully recommend the same to the United States centennial commission for award for the following reasons, viz.: Perfect in brightness, excellent in taste and flavor. Grude Marx, judge. Approved by Group Judges John Bradford, W.C. Kerr, E.H. Baumham, R.T. Brown, Juan Morphy, W.S. Greene, G.F. Secchi de Casals, H.G. Joly, Dr. Nicolan Morcera.

Given by authority of the United States centennial commission.

A.T. Goshorn, director general

Based on this it’s clear that the beer itself dates back to the 1870’s. However, at this point the story refers to the beer as the “Liebmann lager” so whether it was actually branded as Rheingold back then is open to interpretation.

A 1912 photograph of Moeschle’s Cafe in Ridgewood Queens indicated Rheingold was well accepted as a brand by that time.

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A June 21, 1921 article in the “Beverage Journal” provided a review of brewery activities (during prohibition) and stated that S Liebmann’s Sons were making ice, cereal beverages, root beer and cider.

One product they attempted to market in the early 1920′ was called “Scotch Brew” Their advertisements called it:

A malt and hops brew, made by a rare Scotch formula that dates back to 1740 – yet within the law!

The company actually ran promotions to try and stimulate sales. One offered a free bottle of Scotch Brew to anyone having lunch or dinner in the hotels and restaurants of New York on November 22, 1922.

Another offered a free bottle to anyone buying specific products from grocery stores and delicatessens on May 2, 1923. Apparently a bust, soon after the Scotch Brew advertisements ceased for good.

Hit hard by National Prohibition as early as May of 1922 they began auctioning off their retail properties. A story in the May 21, 1922 issue of the New York Times introduced one such auction.

S. Liebmann’s Sons Brewing Company will dispose of twenty-two Brooklyn properties consisting of stores, business buildings, flats, tenements and vacant lots, including ten corners at auction on Tuesday evening, May 23, at 8 o’clock, in the Brooklyn Real Estate Exchange, 189 Montague Street., by the Jere Johnson Jr. Company, auctioneers.

The advertisement associated with the auction appeared in the newspapers as well.

At least two more auctions of similar size followed, one in January of 1923 and the other in June of 1923.

In 1924“Obermeyer and Liebmann” was merged into S Liebmann’s Sons under the name of Liebmann Breweries, Inc. Their new trademark included “Liebmann Breweries” written in a semi-circle. Later, at the end of Prohibition in 1933 it appears they registered another trademark that included a circled “L”.

    

Their license to brew beer at the end of Prohibition was posted in the June 1933 issue of the Brooklyn Daily Eagle.

Liebmann Breweries was ready when beer sales were allowed again on June 1, 1933. In fact, according to a story in the March 29, 1933 issue of the Brooklyn Daily Eagle, at the end of March they began bottling and storing the real thing.

It is at Liebmann’s Brewery, at 36 Forest St., that the floodgates of beer have been unloosed. Blessed with particularly ample storage space, the Liebmann brewers halted the making of near-beer on Friday and began bottling the real thing – to the extent of 3.2 alcoholic percent – yesterday. And, said Thomas Buechner, chief of the sales and advertising staff, the bottling will continue and the beer will be stored, at the rate of something like 2,500,000 bottles a week until the law says that it may be sold.

The story went on to say that just prior to Prohibition, Liebmann’s had absorbed many famous brands of beer and breweries including Welz & Zerwick, George Ehret’s, Beadleston & Woerz and the Krumenaker Bottling Works and some 30 other brands and that they will now be bottled as Liebmann’s.

The business continued to expand after Prohibition, acquiring the John Eichler Brewing Co, Trommer’s Orange NJ plant and two breweries in California that were owned by Acme Breweries.

In 1964 the family sold the business to Pepsi-Cola United Bottlers who changed the name to Rheingold Breweries Inc. Chock Full ‘O Nuts Corporation bought the Brewery in 1974 and closed the Brooklyn plant in 1976. I’ve read that the entire brewery site is being parceled up and sold for future development.

I’ve found quite a few S Liebmann bottles over the years, all embossed S Liebmann’s Sons Brewing Co, so they date between 1889 and 1924. They include tooled blobs from the late 1800’s to early 1900’s, tooled crowns from the 1900’s to 1910’s and machine made bottles that date closer to 1920. All are champagne style. I’ve also found a Liebmann Breweries, Inc. export style bottle with the post prohibition, circled “L” trade mark.

Kandel & Gordon, 42-50 N Beach 86th St, Rockaway Beach, NY

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Harry Kandel and Harry Gordon were successors to George Bennett’s long time Far Rockaway soda business (1877 to 1920).

The following article appeared in the April 8, 1920 edition of the Wave. It appears introductory in nature and implies that this would be their first summer season.

Kandel &Gordon, the successors of George Bennett in the old established bottling and mineral water works propose keeping fully abreast of the times in using appliances and methods which are the latest to be devised in this now important industry, and they are getting into readiness to handle a tremendous business during the coming season. Every indication is that they will be severely taxed despite their extensive facilities, but they propose to make superior goods and dependable service their first and consistant policy no matter what conditions confront them. Their business experience and code of policies assure customers of Kandel & Gordon the best that is obtainable in that line.

They were listed in the Brooklyn and Queens section of the 1920 NY Telephone Directory and in the 1922 Copartnership and Corporation Directory for Brooklyn and Queens. Both listed Hammels, Rockaway as their location. Hammels is a section of the Rockaway Peninsula that includes Beach 86th Street. The business was no longer listed in 1924.

Advertisements in the Wave during the early twenties mentioned ginger ale, lemon and cream sodas.

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In August of 1922 they were fined $105. (50 cents per bottle) for using bottles owned by the Schneider Company of 181–183 Stockholm Street. (another bottler found on the bay). My math says K&G were using 210 of their bottles.

The system of addresses has apparently changed because there’s no N on any Beach 86th St addresses. I assume the N meant north of Rockaway Beach Blvd. Most of this area today is residential. The most likely location of this business is at the very north end between Beach Channel Drive and Jamaica Bay.

I found one 8oz bottle. It’s machine made and that’s consistent with early 20’s manufacture.